Digital citizenship is one who knows how to be safe online and who has all the skills and knowledge required to benefit from the opportunities of the digital age.
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Students learn how to create safe and secure passwords when logging into Digital Passport and for all other accounts they create. Students will:
- Learn what components make a password secure.
- Identify ways they can create a memorable but secure password.
- Create a secure password.
Students reflect on what it’s like to multitask on a cellphone and consider the benefits of focusing on one task at a time. Students will:
- Learn that cellphones are powerful, convenient tools for communication.
- Experience a simulation on cellphone multitasking and distraction.
- Reflect on the benefits of focusing on one task at a time.
Students evaluate examples of online messages and decide what information is appropriate to share, and when. Students will:
- Reflect on the benefits of sharing online, while acknowledging that information can spread fast and far.
- Classify information that should be kept private online.
- Predict the effect an online post or message might have on someone’s reputation.
Students respond to cyberbullying scenarios and are prompted to make choices to evolve into an upstander. Students will:
- Compare different forms of cyberbullying and the roles of those involved.
- Interpret scenarios that illustrate the importance of empathizing with targets of cyberbullying.
- Identify ways to be an upstander when cyberbullying occurs.
Students learn how to choose effective keywords for searching online. They practice selecting keywords that are most relevant to a search prompt. Along the way, they discover tips for narrowing their search results. Students will:
- Learn how keywords can help them find information online.
- Evaluate keywords for their relevance and helpfulness.
- Practice identifying the most effective keywords for different search scenarios.
Students remix media content to create a new creative piece. Along the way, they give proper credit to the artists whose images and sound clips they use. Students will:
- Learn about copyright, credit, and plagiarism and apply their knowledge to their own creative work.
- Reflect on the ethical importance of giving credit to others for their work.
- Determine how to receive credit for their digital creations.
Be Internet Awesome
1. Be Internet Smart – Share with Care
Good (and bad) news travels fast online, and without some forethought, kids can find themselves in tricky situations that have lasting consequences. The solve? Learning how to share with those they know and those they don’t.
- Encourage thoughtful sharing by treating online communication like face-to-face communication; if it isn’t right to say, it isn’t right to post.
- Create guidelines about what kind of communication is (and isn’t) appropriate.
- Keep personal details about family and friends private.
Tips to help you be smart online:
- Be a positive presence online just like IRL (in real life). Remember, once something by or about you is online like a photo, comment, or message, it could stay online forever.
- Think before you post. It’s important to know when to post nothing at all – not to react to somebody’s post, photo, or comment or not to share something that isn’t true.
- Protect your secrets. Do not share your address, email, phone number, passwords, usernames or school documents with strangers.
- Donʼt assume that people online will see you the way you think theyʼll see you. Different people can see the same information and draw different conclusions from it.
- It’s always important to respect other people’s privacy choices, even if they aren’t the choices you’d make yourself. Different situations call for different responses online and offline.
2. Be Internet Alert – Don’t Fall for Fake
It’s important to help kids become aware that people and situations online aren’t always as they seem. Discerning between what’s real and what’s fake is a very real lesson in online safety.
Know the Signs of a Potential Scam
- If statements about “winning” or getting something for “free” feel too good to be true, they most likely are.
- Fair exchanges shouldn’t involve giving away any personal information.
- Always think critically before acting online and learn to trust your intuition. Be on guard for phishing attempts—efforts to steal information like login or account details by pretending to be a trusted contact in an email, text, or other online communication.
Tips to help you be alert online:
- Double check a site for credibility. Before you click on a link or enter your password on a site you haven’t been to before, check that the siteʼs URL matches the product’s or company’s name and information youʼre looking for.
- Use secure websites. Make sure a website’s URL starts with “https://” with a little green padlock to the left of it.
- Don’t fall for scams. If the email or site offers something that sounds too good to be true, like a chance to make a lot of money, it’s almost always too good to be true. Don’t fall for the fake message.
- It can happen to anyone. If you fall for a scam online, tell your parent, teacher, or other trusted adult right away and change your passwords to your accounts immediately.
- Attention! Remember that website or ad canʼt tell if thereʼs anything wrong with your device! There are scams that may try to trick you into downloading malware or unwanted software by telling you that thereʼs something wrong with your device.
3. Be Internet Strong – Secure Your Secrets
Personal privacy and security are just as important online as they are offline. Safeguarding valuable information helps kids avoid damaging their devices, reputations, and relationships.
Create a Strong Password
- Make it memorable, but avoid using personal information like names or birthdays.
- Use a mix of uppercase letters, lowercase letters, symbols, and numbers.
- R3pl@ce le++ers wit# sYmb0ls & n^mb3rs 1ike Thi$.
Switch It Up
- Do not use the same password on multiple sites.
- Create a few different variations of the same password for different accounts.
Tips to help you be strong online:
- Create a strong password. Choose at least 8 characters and use combinations of letters (uppercase and lowercase), numbers, and symbols.
- Switch it up. Use a different password for each of your important accounts.
- Get creative! Donʼt use a password thatʼs easy to guess, like your nickname, just the name of your school, favorite basketball team, a string of numbers (like 123456), etc. And definitely don’t use the word “password”!
- Avoid getting personal. Donʼt use personal information (name, address, email, phone number, Social Security number, motherʼs maiden name, birth dates, etc.), or common words in your password.
- Don’t hesitate to change your password. Immediately change your password if you know or believe it may be known by someone other than a trusted adult.
4. Be Internet Kind – It’s Cool to Be Kind
The Internet is a powerful amplifier that can be used to spread positivity or negativity. Kids can take the high road by applying the concept of “treat others as you would like to be treated” to their actions online, creating positive impact for others and disempowering bullying behavior.
Set an Example
- Use the power of the Internet to spread positivity.
- Stop the spread of harmful or untrue messages by not passing them on to others.
- Respect others’ differences.
- Block mean-spirited or inappropriate behavior online.
- Make an effort to provide support to those being bullied.
- Encourage kids to speak up against and report online bullying.
Tips to help you be kind online:
- Follow the golden rule! Treat others how you want to be treated, both online and in real life. Example: Report the harassment. Tell someone who can help, like a parent, teacher, or school counselor.
- Be an Upstander! An Upstander fights bad behavior and stands up for kindness and positivity. Example: Report the harassment. Tell someone who can help, like a parent, teacher, or school counselor.
- Do simple actions to turn negative interactions into positive ones. Example: If someone posts something negative online to a friend, get a bunch of friends to create a “pile-on of kindness” – post lots of kind comments about the person being bullied (but nothing mean about the aggressor, because you’re setting an example, not retaliating).
- Make good decisions when choosing what to say and how to deliver it. Example: Don’t type something online if you wouldn’t say it in real life.
- Spread kindness online.
5. Be Internet Brave – When in Doubt, Talk It Out
One lesson that applies to any and all encounters of the digital kind: When kids come across something questionable, they should feel comfortable talking to a trusted adult. Adults can support this behavior by fostering open communication at home and in the classroom.
Encourage Internet Brave Behavior
- Be clear about family or classroom rules and expectations around technology, as well as consequences for inappropriate use.
- Keep the dialogue going by checking in frequently and encouraging kids to ask questions.
- Extend the conversation to other trusted adults like teachers, coaches, counselors, friends, and relatives.
Tips to help you be brave online:
- Found something negative? Say something! If you come across something that makes you feel uncomfortable or worse, report it – be brave and talk to someone you trust who can help, including a teacher, the principal, or a parent.
- Talk it out. Asking for help when you’re not sure what to do is a brave thing to do. If it’s to help you or someone heal something hurtful or stop harm from happening, it’s both smart and courageous.
- Report and/or block inappropriate content. Reporting can help the people involved, their community, and the platforms themselves if we use the tools to block and/or report on a site or app.
- Get proof. Before blocking or reporting inappropriate content, it’s always wise to take a screenshot so that you have a record of the situation.
- Don’t be afraid! If you receive a creepy message or comment from a stranger, show a trusted adult, block and report them.
No game for this one 😦
- Make sure your e-mail includes a greeting and closing. Make sure you spelled their name correctly.
- Spell check – emails with typos are not taken seriously.
- Use proper conventions and sentence structure. Type in complete sentences. Be sure to edit! Don’t use multiple !!! or ???.
- Make one last check that the address or addresses in the To: field are those you wish to send to.
- Be sure the subject field accurately reflects the content of your email.
- Keep emails brief and to the point. Save long conversations for the phone.
- Always end your emails with “Thank you,” “Sincerely,” “Take it easy,” “Best regards” – something!
- Do not type in all caps. That’s yelling or reflects shouting. If you bold your type, you are bolding your statement and it will be taken that way.
Commenting on other blogs is a skill easily attained by following a few simple practices.
- Be nice to each other. Don’t be mean to other commenters, bloggers have feelings. We’re putting ourselves out there for the world to read our thoughts.
- Connect to the post. Have a point when you comment on someone’s blog. Don’t ramble.
- Read the whole post before you comment. Don’t just comment on the comments. This will help you write a thorough and thoughtful comment.
- Use short sentences and short paragraphs. Write in an active voice. Try to be grammatically correct.
Here are a few comment starters that can help raise questions and provide useful feedback for bloggers.
- This made me think about…….
- I wonder why…….
- Your writing made me form an opinion about…….
- This post is relevant because…….
- Your writing made me think that we should…….
- I wish I understood why…….
- This is important because…….
- Another thing to consider is…….
- I was reminded that…….
- I can relate to this…….
- This makes me think of…….
- I discovered……
- I don’t understand…….
- I found myself wondering…….
– from Mrs. Casey
The editors at Master of Arts in Teaching Degrees decided to research the topic of:
Then Versus Now: How Technology in Schools
Has Changed Over Time
Timeline of Technology in Schools
– 1900 – 1920 – Age of the One-room Schoolhouse